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Church of God

New Mexico

 

Pentecost

Harvest of the Firstfruits

by

Ed Costanza

May 2015

 

What does the day of Pentecost picture in the kingdom of God? There is an exciting meaning to the period of time between the Wave Sheaf offering and the Day of Pentecost within the scriptures.  This time period represents the calling of a holy people, the firstfruits (firstborn) by God to be given to Jesus Christ (the first of the firstfruits) at his return when we who are in the grave will be resurrected and those who are alive at his coming will be changed in an instant.  This period of time is very specific and the symbols are most fascinating.  We will proceed through the history of the calling of a holy nation by God and finish with the resurrection of the firstfruits (first resurrection). 

I must first emphasize that I believe the Spirit of God reveals things such as this to His people and it is not based upon any special knowledge or abilities that any of us may think they possess.  The purpose of this work is to give more information and truth about the history of the people of God, both within the Old and New Testaments.  This paper will cover the following events:

 

The Exodus out of Egypt when God led Israel out of bondage and the period of time to the giving of the law at Sinai and God taking Israel to be his people.

 

God taking  the tribe of Levi in place of the firstborn males and giving them to Aaron and the Priesthood to serve in the Tabernacle.

 

The cruxifixion, burial and ressurrection of Jesus Christ and His accension to the right hand of God

 

The harvest of barley; the firstfruits of the year and what it pictures.

 

The events on the Day of Pentecost and what they mean.

 

God now calling those to be the firstfruits, a kingdom of priests, a holy nation to be given to Jesus Christ when He returns to set up His kingdom as the tribe of Levi was given to Aaron

 

 

"Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel." Exodus 19:4-6.  In our paper: "The Calendar of Exodus and Pentecost" we went through the steps where God calls Israel to be to Him a holy nation and they accept. In the process God tells Israel through Moses the conditions (His commandments, laws, statutes and regulations) they must obey to be his holy people and they agree.  On the fiftieth day (from the wave sheaf offering) God santifies his people with the blood of the sacrifice and then God prepares a banquet for Moses, Aaron and seventy of the elders.  This was completed on the day of Pentecost. 

 

In the book of Numbers God tells Moses to take a census of all the first born males in Israel over the age of 30 days and all the males in the tribe of Levi over 30 days old.  The difference Israel was to redeem with silver.  God said that he now has taken the tribe of Levi to serve under Aaron in the Tabernacle instead of the firstborn males in Israel.  They were to be holy before God in all the service. Numbers 3:6-16, 39-51.

 

On the last Passover of Jesus Christ's ministry he was betrayed, beaten, scourged, mocked and crucified.  He was buried toward the end of the Passover day (14th of Nisan) as the first day of Unleavened bread (15th of Nisan) was about to begin.  Jesus would remain in the grave according to the sign of Jonah, three days and three nights after which he was ressurrected by God, the Father at the end of the Sabbath as the first day of the week was about to begin (at sunset).  The next morning on the day portion of the first day of the week (our Sunday) Jesus told Mary not to cling to him because he had not ascended to God.  This was the day on which the priest were commanded to present the wave sheaf offering to God to begin the barley harvest, the firstfruits of the grain harvest.  Joh 20:17-18 "Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God. (18) Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her."

 

The wave sheaf offering begins the barley harvest.  Not one stalk of barley can be cut or eaten until after the ceremony of waving the firstfruits to be accepted by God.  The farmers and people were anxious to begin the harvest, but was told to wait until this meaningful ceremony was complete.  The offering that day consists of

 

Since the common belief is that God performs and meets with His people on a holy day instead of a regular work day (six days shall you labor and do all your work) we will assume that the third day referred to here is a Sabbath or an annual holy day.  We are also told that this is the third month of the year of the Exodus.  We also can safely assume that this day is before or on the day of Pentecost by the balance of the scriptures we will cover later in this paper.  Counting backwards we have determined that the first day of Unleavened bread is on a Thursday the 15th day of Nisan.  We have a confirmation that this was a Thursday by Exodus 19:1 when God said:  "...when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness." This is in agreement with this calendar when we count the third day from the command of God to Moses to ready the people against the third day.  If the Sabbath was the third day then the first day would have been on a Thursday.

 

Exodus and Numbers 33 provide us the the details of the travels of Israel from the time they kept the Passover on the night of the thirteenth until Moses returns from the Mount after forty days and nights with the commandments of God.  Below is the timeline transferred from the bible to a Calculated Hebrew Calendar.  There are many interesting scriptures that give us additional insight to both this timeline and what laws were given in the agreement or contract (covenant) made between God and Israel.  The scriptures will surprise and shock you!  There is added comment between the calendars.

 

 

 

Israel crossed the Red Sea on the Last Day of Unleavened Bread (day 21) a picture and an example of God's people being brought out of sin.  Egypt was a portrayed as a type of sin.

 

When God proved (assayed) Israel at Marah (day 23 and 24) He said that if Israel would obey His commandments and statutes He would not do to them what He did to Egypt.  This is one of the proofs that God's laws existed for His people before the Exodus:

 

Exodus 15:25-26 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them, 26 And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.

To understand what the term proved (assayed) means listen to our sermon on "We Are Assayed". (Audio Only)

The next confirmation that our calendar is correct is Exodus 16.  Israel arrived at the Wilderness of Sin and on the 15th day of the second Month (Iyar which has 29 days) Israel murmurs to Moses and Aaron about food.  God will give them both manna and quail and in doing so will continue to prove (assay) them and give them His laws (again before mount Sinai) and to establish His Sabbath day before them: 

 

Exodus 16:1-3 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness: And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.

 

Exodus 16:11-14 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God.  And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.  And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground.

 

Exodus 16:21-23 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.  And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

 

Exodus 16:27-29 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. 28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? 29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

 

God appeared in the Cloud on the Sabbath day (day 15) and told Israel that at even (after the sun has set, after the Sabbath day has ended on day 15) He would send them quail to eat.  Then He would send them manna to gather the next morning (the first day of the week, day 16).  There were to gather it every day (day 16 through 21) and keep nothing until the morning.  They were to gather it for six days and rest on the Sabbath (day 22).  The manna established to Israel by God what was to be the work week and the day of rest. 

 

On the next Friday (preparation day, day 28)  Jethro visits Moses and hears all that God has done for His people.  Out of gladness Jethro sacrifices to God.  Jethro, Moses, Aaron and the elders eat before God.  The next day is the Sabbath (the last day of the second month (day 29)) and Jethro comes and observes Moses judging Israel.  Jethro asks Moses what he is doing and one of the things Moses explains he is doing is that he is teaching the people the laws of God.  This again is before the law is given to Israel at Mount Sinai.  This is the third time that God is teaching His people His laws before Mount Sinai:  

 

Exodus 18:13-16 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening. 14 And when Moses' father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even? 15 And Moses said unto his father in law, Because the people come unto me to enquire of God: 16 When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

 

Between the first day and the fourth day Israel departs from Rephidim and come into the desert of Sinai and camp before Mount Sinai.  When they arrive Moses goes up unto God in the Mount and speaks with God.  Moses will meet with God several times on this day that we are able to establish as a Thursday the fifth day of the third month (Sivan).  The term "same day" here is in reference to a Thursday, the same day Israel came out of Egypt (15th day of the first month).  God is ready to enter into a covenant with Israel.  The process you will witness over the rest of these verses in Exodus 19 is a contract that is being negotiated between God and Israel with Moses as an intermediary.  It is very similar to a purchase contract for a home where you have a seller, a buyer and a realtor.  Over the next five chapters you will see the negotiation and completion of this contract that is called the covenant between God and His people Israel.  Observe in the scriptures the following details of this covenant:

 

1.  The parties to the contract

2.  The terms of the contract

a.  The first offer

b.  The first acceptance

c.   Additional terms

d.   Acceptance of the additional terms

3.  The content of the contract

4.  Drafting of the contract

5.  The dates of negotiation and completion of the contract

6.  Signing of the Contract

7.  The celebration after the signing

8.  The recording of the contract

9.  The contract preserved as a public record

10.The Intermediary

 

The Date of Negotiation Begins

5th of Sivan

1st Day

 

Exodus 19:1-3 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount. And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel;

 

The First Offer

5th of Sivan

1st Day

 

Exodus 19:4-6 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

 

The Intermediary

5th of Sivan

1st Day

 

Exodus 19:7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.

 

The First Acceptance

5th of Sivan

1st Day

 

Exodus 19:8-9 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD. And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.

 

 

Additional Terms

5th of Sivan

1st Day

 

Exodus 19:10-14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes, And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai. And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount. And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes.

 

 

The Intermediary

5th of Sivan

1st Day

 

Exodus 19:15 And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives.

 

 

Additional Negotiations

7th of Sivan

3rd Day

Exodus 19:16-25 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up. And the LORD said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish. And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them. And Moses said unto the LORD, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. And the LORD said unto him, Away, get thee down, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee: but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto the LORD, lest he break forth upon them. So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them.

 

 

Additional Terms - Ten Commandments

7th of Sivan

3rd Day

 

 

Exodus 20:1-12 And God spake all these words, saying, I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 1For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee...

 

...Exodus 20:16-21 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's. And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off. And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die. And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

 

Note:  Moses says that God has come to prove (assay) His people. 

 

 

Additional Terms - More Than Just the Ten Commandments

7th of Sivan

3rd Day

 

.

Exodus 20:21-26  And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was. And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold. An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it. Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

 

Exodus 21:1-4 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them. If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself...

 

.... Exodus 23:32-33  Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods. They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve their gods, it will surely be a snare unto thee.

 

Note:  The terms of the contract did not stop at the Ten Commandments, but continue over the next 4 chapter up to and including Exodus 23. 

 

 

The Intermediary - Moses Presents the Final Terms to Israel

7th of Sivan

3rd Day

 

 

Exodus 24:1-3 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off. And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him. And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments:

 

 

The Final Acceptance

7th of Sivan

3rd Day

 

Exodus 24:3  ....and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do.

 

 

Drafting of the Contract By Moses

7th of Sivan

3rd Day

 

Exodus 24:4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD,

 

Note:  Notice in the scriptures that Moses had written all the words of the Lord first.  God did not give His law on the tables of stone first, but after the covenant was entered into.  (see below)

 

 

Signing of the Contract By God and Israel

8th of Sivan - Day of Pentecost

4th Day

Exodus 24:4-9 and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD. And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient. And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.

 

Note:  The day Moses rose up early was the next morning, the first day of the week, Sunday, the 50th Day, the Day of Pentecost. 

 

Celebration Between God and Israel

8th of Sivan - Day of Pentecost

4th Day

 

 

Exodus 24:9-12  Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink.

 

Note:  After the signing of the covenant with God the leaders of Israel join God in a banquet.  This is much like a banquet after a marriage between a husband and wife.  All important contracts are followed by celebration which includes banquet style food.  The meat prepared here is the oxen that were used for the sacrifices in the covenant.  These were three days of intense and life changing negotiations followed by the ratification of the covenant on the fourth day.

 

 

The Recording of the Contract and the

Preservation of the Contract as a Public Record

8th of Sivan - Day of Pentecost

4th Day - Moses on the Mount 40 Days and Nights

 

Exodus 24:12-18  And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them. And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God. And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them. And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud. And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel. And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.

 

Note:  On this Day of Pentecost after the signing of the contract between God and Israel and after the banquet celebration, God calls Moses up to the top of Mount Sinai and  gave Moses the tables of stone, and a law and commandments which God had written.  The saying "written in stone" originated here.  This is a formal recording of the covenant between God and Israel.  Notice in the scriptures that God did not give His law on the tables of stone first, but after the covenant was entered into.  Moses had written all the words of the Lord on Day three after speaking with God.  Notice also that there is more than just the ten commandments agreed to.  There are 4 chapters of additional laws that were included in the covenant.  You will also see and should note that after Moses broke the tables of stone that the new tables of stone are prepared by Moses and taken up into the mount a second time for an additional 40 days and nights that God will write upon a second time that are then brought down and read a second time to Israel as a witness to what Israel had agreed to.

 

Note # 2:  When Moses went up on the mount the first time for the 40 days and nights He also received many more regulations and statutes that God wanted Israel to accomplish.  They are listed in chapters 25 through 31. 

The Recording of the Contract and the

Preservation of the Contract as a Public Record

8th of Sivan - Day of Pentecost

4th Day - Moses on the Mount 40 Days and Nights

 

 

Exodus 25:1-2 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering...

 

 ...Exodus 31:16-18  Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed. And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

 

Note:  When Moses went up on the mount the first time for the 40 days and nights He also received many more regulations and statutes that God wanted Israel to accomplish.  They are listed in chapters 25 through 31.

 

 

 

The Breaking of the Covenant

17th of Tamuz

Day 39 of Moses on the Mount 40 Days and Nights

 

 

Exodus 32:1-6 And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him. And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me. And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron. And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the LORD. And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.

 

Exodus 32:7-8  And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves: They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.

 

Exodus 32:15-16   And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written. And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.

 

Exodus 32:19-23  And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount. And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it. And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them? And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the people, that they are set on mischief. For they said unto me, Make us gods, which shall go before us: for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.

 

Exodus 32:25-29  And when Moses saw that the people were naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies:) Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on the LORD'S side? let him come unto me. And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him. And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour. And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men. For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves to day to the LORD, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day.

 

Exodus 32:30-35 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin. And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written. And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book. Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them. And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.

 

Exodus 33:12-23  And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight. Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people. And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest. And he said unto him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence. For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth. And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name. And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy glory. And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy. And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live. And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock: And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by: And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.

 

 

Note:  When Moses went up on the mount the first time for the 40 days and nights He also received many more regulations and statutes that God wanted Israel to accomplish.  They are listed in chapters 25 through 31.

 

 

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